‘Days’ Review: Tsai Ming-liang Puts Retirement on Pause for This Slow-Cinema Excursion

Rumors of the Malaysian auteur’s retirement are greatly exaggerated as the slow-cinema auteur reunites with Lee Kang-sheng for this gentle look at healing and human connection.

Days (Rizi)
Courtesy of Berlin Film Festival

Time moves slowly, as ever, for Malaysian director Tsai Ming-liang, as seconds become minutes, minutes become hours, and hours become “Days,” a gentle return to form in which Tsai’s longtime star, Lee Kang-sheng, is shown suffering from some unknown physical ailment, finding short-lived solace in the hands of a stranger (28-year-old Laotian immigrant Anong Houngheuangsy) in Bangkok.

As far back as their first collaboration, on Tsai’s 1992 “Rebels of the Neon God,” Lee has been afflicted by incurable neck pains, which the director incorporated into his movie “The River” five years later. “Days” could be seen as a variation on Pedro Almodóvar’s recent “Pain & Glory,” which dealt with human frailty and tentative homosexual connection in its own way — although that film, Almodóvar’s masterpiece, seemed restrained compared with the rest of his oeuvre, it’s positively exuberant next to Tsai’s brand of minimalism.

“Days” is no masterpiece, but it’s cause for celebration all the same, at least among fans of the slow-cinema auteur, who’d announced at the 2013 Venice Film Festival that “Stray Dogs” would be his final feature. At the time, Tsai told journalists that he was weary, exhausted by the effort of making movies that, to the “my kid could paint that” crowd (i.e., the untrained eye), look deceptively simple: long static shots of high-resolution tableaux whose visual interest often springs more from HD texture and low-key subtext than anything that happens within the frame.

“Retirement” was probably never the right word for the shift that Tsai’s career took at that point. He never stopped shooting; he merely shifted his focus, concentrating more on virtual reality and short-form projects for art institutions, while embracing and experimenting with the relative versatility of HD cameras — tools that may as well have been invented with his aesthetic in mind and that, according to a critic writing for the BFI site last year, “pointed to the durational potentiality of Tsai’s cinema in a newly digital idiom.”

Through it all, the director continued to collaborate with Lee, his heterosexual leading man, who’d often served as a kind of on-screen proxy for the openly gay director, and who had since taken to playing a silent monk slow-walking through modern society. Now, Tsai’s reappearance in competition at the Berlin Film Festival proves that he’s in fine form, even if the same seems markedly less true of Lee, whose physical discomfort has become more acute for the actor (likely compounded by a minor stroke he endured in 2014).

In a sequence of potentially patience-testing shots, some nearly 10 minutes in length, Tsai observes Lee in states of loneliness, calm and tentative human connection. Standing in his overgrown backyard, he pinches his carotid artery and forehead. Walking (at a normal pace, not his signature slow-motion) through crowded streets, he wears a neck brace and winces. In the film’s first proper “scene” — likely unscripted, given its documentary quality — Lee seeks healing to relieve the pain in his neck, undergoing a combination of acupuncture, mugwort burning and electrical stimulation therapy.

Meanwhile, in Bangkok, a shirtless younger man prepares a meal in his kitchen. Sometimes, he wanders out of the frame, and Tsai leaves the camera running while the makeshift oven smolders in the foreground. “Days” never explains how Lee’s character meets this young man, but roughly an hour in, the actor appears in an unfamiliar hotel room, counts out his cash, locks the rest in the room safe and lies down on the bed naked. What follows is a nearly 20-minute erotic massage — infinitely more intimate than the earlier moxibustion session — complete with “happy ending.”

But is it really a happy ending if these two must go their separate ways? In a gesture of tenderness that follows this encounter, Lee’s character gives Houngheuangsy (a handsome newcomer, making his acting debut) a tiny music box, one that plays the theme Charlie Chaplin composed for “Limelight.” Lee watches as the masseur leaves the room, lets the door close, then chases after him. From across the street, Tsai watches as they share a meal, their words left inaudible and untranslated — no surprise, since the movie opened with the words “The film is intentionally unsubtitled.”

Not everyone can stand the pace or deliberate ambiguity of Tsai’s approach. I can’t — not usually, at least. At the risk of being branded a charlatan among cinephiles, I’ll admit that 20 years back, when I first encountered Tsai’s films on DVD, I tried to watch them on fast forward — which I’ve come to understand is to miss the point altogether. Tsai’s movies aren’t about plot so much as they are about state of mind, mood and temporality itself.

I confess my incapacity for his particular strain of slow cinema for two reasons: First, to let audiences know that it’s OK to be frustrated by the experience — you’re not alone. And second, so you might appreciate what it means that “Days” worked on me. Instead of leaning in, as I’m wont to do with challenging movies, I settled back into my chair and let the rhythm wash over me, lull me into its relaxing embrace. Others at the Berlinale press screening gave up and walked out, but those who remained took it as a kind of therapy from the outside world. We fell into the daze of “Days,” which isn’t deep, but distracts from our own physical aches and isolation.

‘Days’ Review: Tsai Ming-liang Puts Retirement on Pause for This Slow-Cinema Excursion

Reviewed at Berlin Film Festival, Feb. 27, 2020. Running time: 126 MIN. (Original title: “Rizi”)

  • Production: (Taiwan) A Homegreen Films Taiwan Public Television Service Foundation presentation of a Homegreen Films production, in association with Arte France, La Lucarne. (Int'l sales: Homegreen Films, New Taipei City, Taiwan.) Producer: Claude Wang. Executive producers: Tsai Ming-liang, Yu Pei-Hua. Co-executive producer: Li Shu-Ping. Co-producer: Tang I-Wen.
  • Crew: Director: Tsai Ming-liang. Camera, editor: Chang Jhong-Yuan.
  • With: <span class="film-meta staff">Lee Kang-Sheng, Anong Houngheuangs </span> .