Anil Biswas

Film musician

Celebrated Hindi film musician Anil Biswas, credited with introducing orchestra music to cinema in India, died May 31. He was 89.

Biswas, who had fought for India’s independence from British rule, was born in a small village in what was then the province of East Bengal, now Bangladesh.

He worked in Bengali theater in Calcutta and learned from noted Bengali poet Qazi Nurul Hasan before moving to Bombay (now called Mumbai) in 1934 and quickly rising to fame in the Hindi film industry.

By the time he retired in 1965 to become director of All India Radio’s national orchestra, he had written songs for more than 100 movies.

He also introduced famous singers Mukesh and Talat Mehmood to the world of Hindi cinema.

His last public appearance was a judge on Zee TV’s music contest “Sa Re Ga Ma.”

He is survived by two sons (both composers) and a daughter.

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