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Vladimir Voroshilov

Vladimir Voroshilov,who founded what was effectively the USSR’s first TV gameshow, died March 10 in Moscow. He was 70.

Voroshilov was instrumental in starting up the general-knowledge quizshow “Chto? Gde? Kogda?” (What? Where? When?), which first aired on monolith Soviet broadcaster Ostankino in 1975.

He hosted the program until his death, though in its early years the format’s style kept him offscreen as a voiceover-only presenter. Though he hosted a range of other shows over his career, he was best known for “Chto? Gde? Kogda?,” which spawned a wide range of associated enthusiast clubs that still function today.

Before entering television, Voroshilov completed both fine arts and theater schools, and worked as a designer and director at Moscow’s Sovremmenik and Lenkom theaters.

He joined Ostankino in 1968, and his achievements there included pioneering the use of telebridges around the USSR — specialized linkups between, say, Moscow and Tashkent surgeons — in the early 1970s.

The future of “Chto? Gde? Kogda?” remains undecided, with the possibility that Voroshilov’s role as presenter will be taken over by his adopted son, Boris Kryuk.

Voroshilov is also survived by his wife, Natalya Stetsenko, who remains the show’s chief producer.

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