Review: ‘Candide’


This version has potential to become the best of all possible "Candides."

This highly anticipated Goodman Theater production of the Leonard Bernstein musical “Candide,” directed by Mary Zimmerman (“Metamorphoses,” “Argonautika”), opens an exciting new chapter in the storied but not smooth history of this title. Zimmerman has adapted the satirical Voltaire novella from scratch while remaining true to Bernstein’s beloved score. And while Zimmerman still needs to trim her overly ambitious book and improve the show’s rhythms as a musical — there are sections in act two that go on far too long without one of Bernstein’s songs — this version has potential to become the best of all possible “Candides.”

“Candide” was originally produced on Broadway in 1956, with a book by Lillian Hellman. It ran a meager 73 performances. Hal Prince revived the show on Broadway with a decidedly lighter book by Hugh Wheeler in 1974, to greater success, and again in a more expanded version in 1997. Wheeler’s work remains credited here for contractual reasons, but Zimmerman has put this production through the rigors of her usual process, crafting an original script during rehearsals that translates fanciful tales into thoughtful, accessible and theatrical narratives, gorgeously staged.

This show looks and feels very much like a Zimmerman show; a handheld model of Lisbon made of easily wobbled blocks serves to suggest a major earthquake, for example. The auteur quality of the staging may disturb some devotees who would prefer fewer distractions from the score, as well as a lighter tone. But with the assistance of music director Doug Peck, Zimmerman makes many of the songs feel far more dramatic and layered than they have before; “Glitter and Be Gay” becomes an emotional debate between endurance and despair that the show’s much-abused ingenue Cunegonde (the golden-voiced Lauren Molina) has with herself.

A satire on the philosophy of “Optimisme,” the show feels remarkably current at a time when America’s own unrelenting optimism is being tested. While there’s no Wall Street collapse in the show, there is sudden impoverishment, natural disaster, political corruption and religious warfare galore, as Candide (played as a purposefully dry, not-so-naive picaresque hero by Geoff Packard) endures the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, separating from and reuniting over and over with his beloved Cunegonde, the philosopher Pangloss (a spot-on, exceptionally funny Larry Yando), the Old Lady (Hollis Resnik, also terrific), and even his valet Cacambo (Jesse J. Perez), a character Zimmerman has restored to prominence.

The second act does drag. And she gets sentimental toward the end, losing touch with Voltaire’s more scathing sensibility. But the show will move from Chicago to the Shakespeare Theater in Washington, D.C., and if the Bernstein estate approves, it seems a likely bet for the multiple regional theaters where Zimmerman has an existing fanbase.


Goodman Theater, Chicago; 856 seats; $85 top


A Goodman Theater presentation in co-production with the Shakespeare Theater Company of a musical in two acts with music by Leonard Bernstein and lyrics by Richard Wilbur. Additional lyrics, Stephen Sondheim, John LaTouche, Lillian Hellman, Dorothy Parker, Leonard Bernstein; book adapted from the Voltaire novella by Hugh Wheeler. Directed and newly adapted from Voltaire by Mary Zimmerman. Music direction, Doug Peck; choreography, Daniel Pelzig.


Set, Daniel Ostling; costumes, Mara Blumenfeld; lighting, T.J. Gerckens; sound, Richard Woodbury; additional arrangements and orchestrations, Peck. Production stage managers, Joseph Drummond, T. Paul Lynch. Opened Sept. 27. Reviewed Sept. 26. Runs through Oct. 31. Running time: 3 HOURS.


Pangloss and others - Larry Yando Candide - Geoff Packard Cunegonde - Lauren Molina Maximilian and others - Erik Lochtefeld Paquette and others - Margo Seibert Baroness, Vanderdendur and others - Rebecca Finnegan Baron, Martin and others - Tom Aulino Cacambo and others - Jesse J. Perez Old Lady - Hollis Resnik
With: Govind Kumar, Emma Rosenthal, Jonathan Weir, Joey Stone, Rob Lindley, Thomas Adrian Simpson, Joe Tokarz, Tracy Lynn Olivera, Spencer Curnutt, Tempe Thomas.
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