Religion, sex, crime unthinkable topics in past
BEIRUT– In the movie business, Morocco is most often thought of as a location for Hollywood blockbusters, a place to film Middle Eastern-flavored locations in relative safety.
Morocco is also encouraging local directors, though, and many are tackling subjects that would have been unthinkable in years past: religion, sex, crime and the desire to leave the country by any means possible.
“My ambition is to penetrate appearances, to denounce taboos and outmoded social norms that do great damage,” said seasoned director Latif Lahlou, whose feature “Samira’s Garden” is the sole Moroccan film competing in this year’s Marrakech Intl. Film Festival.
The film’s portrayal of an urbane young woman forced to wed an aged, brutal farmer is sure to touch raw nerves in a country suffering the growing pains of modernization and the deepening class cleavages of economic liberalization, both processes in which Morocco’s movie industry is playing a major part.
“Arranged marriage certainly exists in societies grappling with traditional mores,” says Lahlou. “For me, it was a pretext to reflect on problematic social conventions, and on how the observance of them can generate inexplicable situations and engender grave misfortunes.”
Back in the 1960s, Lahlou pioneered Morocco’s film culture at a time when the country’s politicians deemed movies superfluous to the national interest.
The situation has changed dramatically since then. Morocco turned out only 100 films between 1969 and 1998, but since the late 1990s the rate has grown to a dozen a year. The authorities now consider cinema a vital economic sector and their goal is 40 local films a year by 2020. To do so, they are creating funds to finance productions with budgets of around $6 million per film.
But there are risks. From newcomer Laila Marrakchi, whose first feature, the controversial “Marock,” was a box-office smash, to Faouzi Bensaidi, Nabil Ayouch and Narjiss Nejjar, the current crop of Moroccan filmmakers is bent on shattering limits on what can be portrayed on screen.
” ‘Marock’ was a big controversy in Morocco,” says Marrakchi. The story traced a Muslim-Jewish romance against a backdrop of mounting religious conservatism.
“Even though this happens in real life, it’s more difficult to show it in films. Some people didn’t accept it but I wanted to show the reality of this country. These stories are real, they exist and they are a part of this country … I didn’t just want to be provocative … The most important thing is to defend our ideas about the world and our freedom. Film is important because it’s a mirror of society. It’s a good way for us to accept what we are.”
The reception of Nejjar’s “Wake Up Morocco,” about faith, freedom and football, was equally heated.
“This is my way of seeing and feeling Morocco,” said Nejjar. “It is my Morocco … I just want to feel free in my country. It is the experience of knowing what is waiting for us in this country if we are not aware. There are many moralists among us. I’m not talking about politics. I am talking about citizenship. I don’t have arms. I just have images.”