Lower legitimate prices help turn the tide
MOSCOW — Sales of licensed DVDs have more than doubled in Russia to 55 million over the past three years as a long battle against piracy is starting to pay off.Lower prices for legitimate movies locally produced by Hollywood, more police raids and groundbreaking deals to tackle pirate goods at retail outlets are turning the tide, says Konstantin Zemchenkov, head of the Russian Anti-Piracy Organization (RAPO). Zemchenkov, a former KGB officer who has led the Motion Picture Assn.-backed agency since it was founded 10 years ago, says licensed sales should double again to more than 100 million in 2008. Hollywood studios had taken pirates on at their own game — affordable prices — while maintaining the high quality of licensed product by finding ways to cut costs. “The Russian government always complained that the international movie industry was replicating DVDs somewhere else; now all MPA companies replicate here in Russia and their prices are cheaper, as they do not have to pay import duties,” Zemchenkov says. Shorter windows between theatrical release and DVD sales — along with special promotional prices — had further increased the popularity of legal product with Russian consumers. When 20th Century Fox opened Bruce Willis vehicle “Die Hard 4.0” at Russian cinemas this year, legal DVDs were on sale within three weeks. Approximately half a million copies were sold within the first 10 days at prices of roughly $6 a copy — or even cheaper at Moscow’s big outer-ring road discount markets. “It was a commercial decision designed to shift a lot of product fast, which it did,” Zemchenkov says. Arguing that you cannot beat pirates on price, the MPA long resisted calls to lower prices for licensed DVDs — which until quite recently sold in Russia for as much as $15 or more each, making them too costly for many local buyers. Commercial pragmatism eventually won the day, according to Zemchenkov. Old-fashioned law enforcement also played a part in turning back the pirate tide. In a series of major recent raids on pirate optical disc plans in Moscow, Novosibirsk, Siberia and a warehouse cash-and-carry wholesale market in Krasnodar in Russia’s southern Kuban region, RAPO experts backed by police and FSB (Federal Security Service, a successor to the KGB) teams, had seized more than three million pirate discs and two state-of-the-art DVD production lines. “We had to rent another warehouse just to store our seizures pending court … orders to destroy the discs and dispose of the equipment,” says Zemchenkov, who is clearly enjoying RAPO’s success. It was not always so. A few years ago, as Russian government foot-dragging over the introduction of new antipiracy measures and endemic police corruption undermined the fight, leaving piracy at a stubborn 90% throughout Russia, Zehmchenkov gave himself an ultimatum: See progress within two years or quit. Today, overall piracy is down to approximately 70%, with figures much lower in the most prosperous cities, where consumers value quality over cheapness. Sales of licensed DVDs in Moscow and St. Petersburg have risen tenfold, with licensed product now accounting some 60% of sales. Piracy remains a tougher nut to crack in poorer rural regions. Zemchenkov still comes up with fresh ideas for protecting the rights of RAPO’s film industry members. Earlier this year, he struck a deal with Gorbushka, Moscow’s mega-electronics, music and movie market, for it to police a list of pre-release films RAPO provides. Traders found selling DVDs of movies that have not yet been officially released in the format face a fine of $400. If they are caught a second time, they lose their profitable spot at the sprawling covered market that occupies several floors of multistory complex a 20-minute subway ride southwest of the city center. Zemchenkov is talking with other big markets to secure similar deals. And new civil sanctions giving cinemas greater powers to prosecute customers caught illegally filming movies inside screening rooms — the most common source of pirated films in Russia — come into force Jan. 1. In his modest office, tucked discretely into an anonymous corner of Moscow, as visible proof of the fruits of RAPO’s efforts, Zemchenkov keeps a large glass vase full of industrially-shredded pirate DVDs. The war may not yet be won, but the plastic trash in the jar proves RAPO is winning its battles.