LONDON — The market for music downloads and other digital forms of music has tripled in a year, helping offset a continuing decline in sales of CDs and other physical formats, an industry report said Monday.
The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry estimated that digital music sales totaled $790 million in the first half of this year, equivalent to 6% of industry sales, compared with $220 million in the same period a year earlier.
Recorded music sales fell 1.9% to a retail value of $13.2 billion in the first half of 2005, compared with $13.4 billion in the same period of 2004.
IFPI said the digital boom, which now exceeds the value of the global singles market, was largely driven by sales in the top five markets — the United States, Britain, Japan, Germany and France.
Sales of physical formats fell 6.3% by value in the period to $12.4 billion, the report said.
That partly reflected pressure on prices: CD sales were down 6.7% in value by 3.4% in unit volume. DVD music video sales fell 3.1% in value and 1.6% in units.
The IFPI has had some success recently in shutting file-swapping operations.
“There is a long way to go — digital and physical piracy remain a big threat to our business in many markets,” said IFPI chairman and CEO John Kennedy.
“Our industry’s priorities are to further grow this emerging digital music business while stepping up our efforts to protect it from copyright theft.”
The report said digital sales helped compensate for a fall in disc sales in Germany, with single track downloads growing to 8.5 million in the first half of 2005 compared with 1 million a year ago. Physical retail sales dropped 7.7% in units.
France had the small fall in physical sales among the big five markets, down 2.7% in value but up 7.5% in units. French CD album sales were up 9.5% in units and 1.2% in value. helped by a changing product mix, but due to falling Digital sales in France grew to 4 million single-track downloads, compared with 1 million in the previous year.