A serious, intensely scripted historical biopic set amid the 1799 revolution in Naples, "The Remains of Nothing" describes the short-lived Neapolitan Republic, proclaimed on the coattails of the French revolution. Limited theatrical auds should be draftable in Europe before pic hits the small screen.

A serious, intensely scripted historical biopic set amid the 1799 revolution in Naples, “The Remains of Nothing” describes the short-lived Neapolitan Republic, proclaimed on the coattails of the French revolution. Director Antonietta De Lillo (“Matilda”) obviously has great empathy for her little-known heroine, the aristocratic revolutionary Eleonora Pimentel Fonseca, winsomely portrayed by Maria de Medeiros. Story, based on a cult novel by Enzo Striano, runs more on ideas than money, but budgeting problems are imaginatively solved. Though treatment looks too subtle for Italian fans of made-for-TV romantic historical fiction, limited theatrical auds should be draftable in Europe before pic hits the small screen.

As the curtain rises, a gray-haired Eleonora is about to be hanged for treason. Flashbacks race through her birth in Rome to her noble but impoverished Portuguese family and their move to Naples when she is a child. As a sensitive, highly educated young woman, she reads poetry to the crass Bourbon king who rules Naples and is married off to a carousing, violent count who beats her. She moves to his crumbling palazzo full of hostile relatives and servants, including the maid Graziella (Imma Villa), his mistress. A first demonstration of Eleonora’s courage comes when her only child dies and she leaves the brute.

Historical events now fly by fast and furiously with little explanation. Eleonora and her intellectual friends frequent the court while they plot an uprising of the people. She is arrested and thrown into a cavernous women’s prison, but liberated when the French navy seizes the city. When the republic is proclaimed, she becomes the editor of a newspaper aimed at explaining the revolution to the masses. Their disinterest in politics ultimately brings the curtain down on this chapter of history; Eleonora is arrested once more and condemned to death.

Closer in its utopian tone to the Taviani brothers (particularly their recent TV movie “Luisa Sanfelice”) than to “Barry Lyndon,” De Lillo’s and Giuseppe Rocca’s screenplay isn’t afraid to debate Jacobin ideas of the time, like the quest for happiness as a universal right. Backed up by a standout local cast, Medeiros (who has directed a revolutionary film of her own, “April Captains”) is a welcome contrast to the romantic heroines of most historical fiction and a convincing choice for an outspoken thinker who defies the monarchy in the name of her convictions.

Film’s troubled production history, which included a lengthy interruption in shooting, is never apparent in Cesare Accetta’s strong-hued lensing. Production designer Beatrice Scarpato’s period reconstruction imaginatively uses paper sets and animated puppet theater when other means are lacking, and Daniele Sepe’s score, based on local folk-sounds with modern influences, has some rousing moments.

The Remains Of Nothing

Italy

Production

An Istituto Luce release (in Italy) of a Factory production in association with Film Corsari. (International sales: Revolver, Rome.) Produced by Mariella Li Sacchi, Amedeo Letizia. Executive producer, Eduardo Bonocore. Directed by Antonietta De Lillo. Screenplay, Giuseppe Rocca, Laura Sabatino, De Lillo, based on a novel by Enzo Striano.

Crew

Camera (color), Cesare Accetta; editor, Giogio Franchini; music, Daniele Sepe; production designer, Beatrice Scarpato; costume designer, Daniela Ciancio; sound (Dolby digital), Mariagrazia Pandolfi. Reviewed at Venice Film Festival (noncompeting), Sept. 10, 2004. Running time: 103 MIN.

With

Eleonora Pimentel De Fonseca - Maria De Medeiros Gennaro - Rosario Sparno Graziella - Imma Villa Pagliuchella - Marco Manchisi Filangieri - Enzo Moscato
With: Raffaele Di Florio, Lucia Ragni, Maria Grazia Grassini, Stefania Graziosi, Luca Nicolaj (SIC), Federico Pacifici.

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