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Route 181: Fragments of a Journey in Palestine-Israel

A collaboration between Israeli helmer Eyal Silvan and Palestinian Michel Khleifi, "Route 181" spends 4½ hours traveling borders set by the United Nations to partition Palestine into two states. A variety of people are met, repping myriad ethnicities, personal histories and political stances. Filmmakers' leanings are clear -- they oppose the Occupation, and consider Israel's story one of injustice toward the Arab populace.

A collaboration between Israeli helmer Eyal Silvan and Palestinian Michel Khleifi, “Route 181” spends 4½ hours traveling borders originally set by the United Nations in 1947 to partition Palestine into two states. En route, a variety of people are met, repping myriad ethnicities, personal histories and political stances. Filmmakers’ leanings are clear — they oppose the Occupation, and consider Israel’s story one of monumental injustice toward the local Arab populace. Tacit viewpoint will make broadcast exposure difficult to secure in many territories, limiting aud for this worthy (if leisurely) addition to the already large body of docus on the subject. In fact, pic was already pulled from planned screenings at Cinema du Reel fest in Paris two months ago after its November airing on the ARTE channel stirred controversy, including concerns it might foster anti-Semitism.

Actually, while “Route 181” does offer a fairly damning appraisal of Israel as an aggressor within its own borders toward Arab residents, the directors’ focus on individuals humanizes the conflict, lending an air of embattled poignancy and occasional humor that crosses ideological borders.

Taken out of context, some sequences could certainly stir ire — perhaps worst is the first, in which two Israeli Jewish foremen spew racist doggerel. But over docu’s epic course, these recede into a continuum of viewpoints that encompass extremes on both sides but more often reveal overlapping disillusionment in the middle.

Helmers and skeleton crew spent two months in summer 2002 traveling by car along those UN Resolution 181 lines, which gave 56% of Palestine terrain to the Jewish minority, remainder to the Arab majority — an act that led to the first Arab-Israeli war, and all conflicts since.

“Route 181” is, very simply, a road diary, according more or less equal weight to every stop. These include visits to numerous museums commemorating Israel’s short history (whereas all traces of Arab villages that once existed in numerous sites have been erased), elaborate weddings both Jewish and Muslim, chats with tourists and local residents, and, of course, many halts at military checkpoints.

Pic is divided into three 90-minute “legs” — “The South” goes from port city Ashod to frontiers of the Gaza strip; “The Center” from Lod to Jerusalem; “The North” from a separation wall site to the Lebanon border. With several bitter exceptions, most people interviewed here wish Arabs and Jews could live together peacefully, as they have before. But nearly everyone doubts any such a happy ending remains possible.

Seldom onscreen but often heard on the soundtrack, the directors are confrontational at times, notably when questioning the conscience of young Israeli soldiers. Fortunately, for the most part they just encourage people to tell their stories. Due to the chance-encounter nature of most interviews here, these meetings reveal a great deal about the land’s impossibly complex populace.

Patience is definitely required, as “Route 181” is almost always involving in the moment (there are a few later dull spots), but hews to the same steady, unemphatic pace throughout. Tech aspects are accomplished.

Route 181: Fragments of a Journey in Palestine-Israel

France-Belgium-Germany-U.K.

Production: A Momento!, Sourat Films, Sindibad Films, WDR production in association with ARTE. Produced by Eyal Silvan, Michel Khleifi. Executive producer, Silvan. Co-producers, Omar Al-Qattan, Werner Dutsch, Khleifi, Alain Bottarelli. Directed, edited by Eyal Silvan, Michel Khleifi.

Crew: Camera (color, DV), Philipe Bellaiche; sound, Sari Ezouz, Stephane Larrat; Reviewed at San Francisco Film Festival, April 24, 2004. Running time: 270 MIN.

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