Financing hideouts

WHERE PRODUCERS FIND MONEY

The grid below shows how companies attributed various parts of their current film budgets to money sources for low-, medium-, and high-budget projects. Each respondent had a different mix of financing, so the columns add up to more than 100%. The numbers for each source are an average of the percentages reported by producers who tap that specific source. So, for instance, among the respondents who use subsidies in the low-budget range, an average of 15% of budgets are financed this way.

 
Average percent of budget*
Source LOW
(up to $10 mil.)
MED.
($10 – $25 mil.)
HIGH
($25 + mil.)
Private equity 45 32 28
Foreign sales 41 45 45
Domestic pre-sale (Indie) 33 33 0
Domestic pre-sale (studio) 30 31 43
Co-producers 17 21 10
Gap loan 16 19 12
Subsidies 15 19 20
Tax shelters 14 21 12
Location / economic benefits 11 15 10
Deferrals 11 9 9
In-kind contributions 10 5 0
Insurance-backed loan 0 0 0
*Results from a survey of more than 30 independent production, sales and distribution companies.

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