A well-crafted docu that, in terms of image-boosting, does for the one-room schoolhouse what "The Seven Year Itch" did for subway grates, "To Be and to Have" follows an academic year in the lives of a dozen youngsters, aged 4-10, who are taught every subject, from math to gym, by a single dedicated teacher.

A well-crafted docu that, in terms of image-boosting, does for the one-room schoolhouse what “The Seven Year Itch” did for subway grates, “To Be and to Have” follows an academic year in the lives of a dozen youngsters, aged 4-10, who are taught every subject, from math to gym, by a single dedicated teacher. Any negative stereotypes viewers might harbor about education in rural communities are sent packing by this magnificently lensed and cumulatively touching account from documaker Nicolas Philibert (“The Land of the Deaf”). Extensive fest and small-screen exposure looks likely.

From the low-key comedy of two 4-year-olds doing battle with a photocopier to a 10-year-old expertly driving a tractor, pic obliterates any preconceived notions about farming communities being backward or disadvantaged. The schoolhouse serving a village in France’s Auvergne region is both cozy and modern, outfitted with a wood-burning fireplace and computers. In fact, it’s difficult to imagine a more supportive and practical foundation in formal schooling than the one these youngsters receive.

The major asset is Georges Lopez, a soon-to-retire teacher whose patience and common sense are a subtle yet constant inspiration. At pic’s start, the elements outside are hostile; inside, the lone instructor is stern but unfailingly caring. Coloring drawings, making and flipping crepes, even sledding in the woods are all part of the curriculum.

Philibert lingers over moments that may not always be riveting but are always instructive. One boy’s entire family watches him do multiplication tables in the kitchen and it’s entertaining to watch get into the act.

Lopez, 55, has been a teacher for 35 years — 20 of them in this school. In an interview an hour in, he reveals his farm-laborer father’s dearest wish was that his son should grow up to be anything but a farmer. Lopez determined early in life that he enjoyed the process of helping others learn, and he’s never grown tired of his calling. A scene where he chokes up in the doorway once the kids have left for the summer is incredibly moving.

Overall, pic reflects the sheer beauty of two professionals doing their jobs — a teacher teaching and a documaker documenting. This is the kind of project that’s increasingly being relegated to DV, but Philibert proves that celluloid can be incomparably richer in the right hands. Charting the passing seasons with a brief but eloquent sampling of local vistas, he communicates an indelible and slightly surreal sense of place. Attention to sound is as meticulous as to image.

The shoot, spread over 10 weeks during December 2000 to June 2001, yielded 60 hours of footage from which the 105-minute pic was culled.

To Be and To Have

Non-competing -- France

Production

A Les Films du Losange release of a Maia Films presentation of a Maia Films, Arte France Cinema, Les Films d'Ici, Centre National de Documentation Pedagogique production, with participation of Canal Plus, CNC. (International sales: Mercure Distribution, Paris.) Produced by Gilles Sandoz. Directed by Nicolas Philibert.

Crew

Camera (color), Philibert, Katell Djian, Laurent Didier, Hugues Gemignani; editor, Philibert; music, Philippe Hersant; sound (Dolby SR), Julien Cloquet; associate producer, Serge Lalou. Reviewed at Elysees Biarritz, Paris, May 6, 2002. (In Cannes Film Festival -- non-competing.) Running time: 105 MIN.

With

Georges Lopez, and his students Alize, Axel, Guillaume, Jesiie, Jojo, Johann, Jonathan, Julien, Laura, Letitia, Marie-Elisabeth, Nathalie, Olivier.
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