Different orgs have different rules for their kudos. To clarify, here is a summary of what’s eligible for some of the major honors.
Academy Awards: For most feature film categories, the pic must be more than 40 minutes long, shown in a commercial motion picture theater in L.A. County for at least seven days starting before midnight of Dec. 31 of the award year. The first exhibition must be theatrically, so anything that is shown first on TV, video or the Internet is disqualified. There are 5,739 voting members.
Writers Guild of America: Pic must screen for seven consecutive days in L.A. County and the production must be signatory to a WGA contract or one of its affiliate guilds overseas. There are approximately 11,500 voting members (409 in the Academy branch).
Directors Guild of America: “Our rules pretty much mirror the Academy’s,” says DGA spokesman Andy Levy. There are 12,400 voting members (364 in the Academy branch).
Screen Actors Guild: Similar to the Academy, but a feature film is defined as at least 60 minutes long. A feature that has been shown on television can be submitted as long as it was not submitted as a TV film in a previous year. Features and TV programs made within SAG jurisdiction must be signatory to a SAG or AFTRA contract. There are approximately 98,600 voting members (1,315 in the Academy branch).
American Society of Cinematographers: “Any film eligible for an Oscar is eligible for an ASC award,” according to ASC spokesman Bob Fisher. There are 220 voting members (170 in the Academy branch).