"Before the Rain" is a visually and narratively stunning tale in three parts, set between modern London and the timeless hills of Macedonia, in former Yugoslavia. Through a parable of intertwined lives, it attempts to answer the tragic riddle of why the Balkan states are perpetually at war.

“Before the Rain” is a visually and narratively stunning tale in three parts, set between modern London and the timeless hills of Macedonia, in former Yugoslavia. Through a parable of intertwined lives, it attempts to answer the tragic riddle of why the Balkan states are perpetually at war. High production values, and the fact that a third of the film is shot in good Queen’s English, should help this heartfelt, poetic and violently anti-violent film find its way to appreciative Western art house auds.

“Rain,” the first feature directed by Macedonian-born helmer Milcho Manchevski (now a New York resident and director of music vids), is also the first film made in the newly declared republic of Macedonia.

Bordering Greece (which hotly disputes its very name), Albania, Bulgaria and Serbia, the mountainous country is shown in danger of becoming the next Balkan bloodbath. But unlike many observers who blame the war in former Yugoslavia on political pressures, Manchevski depicts senseless ethnic hatred as endemic to the region.

Film is divided into three parts. In “Words,” the young Greek orthodox monk Kiril (Gregoire Colin), living in an ancient monastery, shelters and hides an Albanian girl, Zamira (Labina Mitevska), even though they can’t understand each other’s language.

A band of machine-gun-wielding roughnecks bursts into the monastery looking for her, claiming she killed their brother. Kiril and Zamira escape together, but are intercepted by the girl’s Muslim relatives. They shoot her down in cold blood, rather than let her go off with a Christian.

After the aching beauty of the Macedonian landscape with its monasteries, churches and people who appear lifted from another century, the modernity of the second episode, “Faces,” comes as a shock.

Anne (Katrin Cartlidge), who works in a London photo agency, is torn between her Macedonian lover Aleksandar (Rade Serbedzija), a Pulitzer prize-winning war photographer, and her sweet, boring husband Nick (Jay Villiers.)

Before she can make up her mind between them, Aleksandar takes off for Macedonia andNick dies in an absurd shoot-out in a restaurant.

“Pictures” takes the story back to Macedonia and brings the threads together. Aleksandar returns to his native village, where he’s determined to spend the rest of his life forgetting the horrors of taking photographs on the front line.

But the rumblings of war have already infected the once-peaceful Christian villagers: they treat their Albanian neighbors, who are Muslims, as enemies now. Trigger-happy boys with automatic weapons bar his way when he goes to see his boyhood love, Hana (Silvija Stojanovska).

Pic owes part of its disturbing magic to its challenging structure. All the events seem to take place at the same time, until the surprising and clever ending.

Without beating around the bush, “Rain” accuses the people themselves of starting a fratricidal war, rather than politicians or mistakes made by the U.N.

The Macedonian part has an urgency that spills over into the London sequence, where a normal restaurant becomes the site of a massacre. It suggests that no war is limited by man-made boundaries, and no place is so far away that it is safe from danger and violence.

There is a piercing sadness in the fanaticism of hating one’s neighbor which “Rain” captures very clearly. The monks who have sheltered Bosnian refugees tell the blood-thirsty avengers to turn the other cheek. “We already have,” they reply. “An eye for an eye.””Might is right.””He’s not one of us — I’ll cut his throat.””It’s time to revenge five centuries of our blood.”

Actors have a strong iconic presence, in which faces are as important as speeches. Dialogue is kept to a realistic minimum. A passionate soundtrack by Anastasia provides a powerful driving force in the film. Manuel Teran’s breathtaking cinematography imparts a tragic natural beauty to the landscape which, the film implies, may soon be torn apart by war.

Before the Rain

British-French-Macedonian

Production

A Mikado release (Italy) of an Aim Prods. (U.K.)/Noe Prods. (France)/Vardar Film (Macedonia) co-production, in association with British Screen Finance, the European Coproduction Fund (UK). International sales, PolyGram Film Intl. Classics. Produced by Judy Counihan, Cedomir Kolar, Sam Taylor, Cat Villiers. Co-producers, Frederique Dumas, Marc Baschet, Gorjan Tozija. Directed, written by Milcho Manchevski.

Crew

Camera (color; Technovision widescreen), Manuel Teran; editor, Nick Gaster; music, Anastasia; production design, Sharon Lamofsky, David Munns; associate producers, Sheila Fraser Milne, David Redman. Reviewed at Venice Film Festival (competing), Sept. 5, 1994. Running time: 115 min.

With

Anne - Katrin Cartlidge
Aleksandar - Rade Serbedzija
Kiril - Gregoire Colin
Zamira - Labina Mitevska
Hana - Silvija Stojanovska
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