Oscar nomination ballots were mailed Jan. 19 to the more than 4,800 voting members of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences.
Voters will select no more than five achievements for nomination in each of 17 categories: best performance by an actor and actress in leading roles, performance by an actor and actress in supporting roles, art direction, cinematography, costume design, directing, film editing, original score, original song, best picture, animated and live-action short films, sound, screenplay written directly for the screen and screenplay based on material from another medium.
Polls for nominations close Feb. 1. Nominations will be announced Feb. 13.
Ballots go only to members of the branch involved, along with a reminder list including the title and cast of each eligible film. Achievements receiving the highest number of votes in each category become nominees.
Determination of individual lead or supporting roles is made by members of the actors branch at the time of balloting. It is not decided by the studio or producing company. Rules prohibit a player from being nominated more than once in a single category. However, an actor may be nominated in both the leading and supporting categories for performances in different films.
Cinematographers, like actors, cannot be nominated more than once for a single award, but art directors, editors, directors and others are permitted to have two or more nominations in their categories.
The 63rd Annual Academy Awards will be televised March 25 from the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles via ABC.